The birds spend the rest of the summer feeding there. He eats nothing during this time. Emperor Penguin Clipart Black And White Silhouette. Download 3,418 Penguin Silhouette Stock Illustrations, Vectors & Clipart for FREE or amazingly low rates! If the mother penguin is delayed, the chick will die. King penguin and Emperor penguin silhouette illustration bird different pose set - 이 스톡 벡터 구입 및 Adobe Stock에서 유사한 벡터 검색 The first is the leopard seal (Hydrurga leptonyx), which takes adult birds and fledglings soon after they enter the water. 8443 free vector penguin silhouette. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free vector art that features Animal graphics available for quick and easy download. Jan 1, 2020 - Free emperor penguin silhouette clip art in EPS, PNG (transparent), and SVG formats. Bird emperor penguin, silhouette - download this royalty free Vector in seconds. Of particular concern is the impact of tourism. The species has adapted in several ways to counteract heat loss. 3 3 0. This article is about the bird. [84], Until the 1960s, keeping attempts were largely unsuccessful, as knowledge of penguin keeping in general was limited and acquired by trial and error. Emperor penguin King penguin Little penguin, Penguin, animals, monochrome, fauna, wildlife, silhouette png [105] More than 30 countries have depicted the bird on their stamps – Australia, Great Britain, Chile and France have each issued several. 8 17 0. Download the silhouette in EPS, JPG, PDF, PNG, and SVG formats. Its diet consists primarily of fish, but also includes crustaceans, such as krill, and cephalopods, such as squid. Conversely, the plumage is flattened in water, thus waterproofing the skin and the downy underlayer. Ideal as a sign.. Vector. [9][10][11], Like all penguin species, emperor penguins have streamlined bodies to minimize drag while swimming, and wings that are more like stiff, flat flippers. Slovakia Hungary. [98][99] The subject has been covered for the small screen five times by the BBC and presenter David Attenborough: first in episode five of the 1993 series on the Antarctic Life in the Freezer,[100] again in the 2001 series The Blue Planet,[101] once again in the 2006 series Planet Earth,[102] in Frozen Planet in 2011[103] and a one-hour programme dedicated to the species in the 2018 series Dynasties. Feb 2, 2015 - King Penguin Silhouette taken at the Neck on Saunders, the Falkland Islands. New users enjoy 60% OFF. Emperor Penguin Penguin. [67], Contrary to popular belief, Emperor penguins do not mate for life; they are serially monogamous, having only one mate each year, and remaining faithful to that mate. [72][73], Hatching may take as long as two or three days to complete, as the shell of the egg is thick. [14] Moulting is rapid in this species compared with other birds, taking only around 34 days. The female lays a single egg, which is incubated for just over two months by the male while the female returns to the sea to feed; parents subsequently take turns foraging at sea and caring for their chick in the colony. Tagged under Bird, Emperor Penguin, Animal, Logo, Beak. [62], Although Emperor penguins can breed at around three years of age, they generally don't begin breeding for another one to three years. [62], The only known predators thought to attack healthy adults, and who attack emperor penguins in the water, are both mammals. [9], The emperor penguin breeds in the coldest environment of any bird species; air temperatures may reach −40 °C (−40 °F), and wind speeds may reach 144 km/h (89 mph). Bird emperor penguin, silhouette - gg62313658 GoGraph Stock Photography, Illustrations, and Clip Art allows you to quickly find the right graphic. After the breeding season this drops to 23 kg (51 lb) for both sexes. Feb 2, 2015 - King Penguin Silhouette taken at the Neck on Saunders, the Falkland Islands. This set includes 5 separate illustrations. It then dives again and repeats the sequence about half a dozen times before surfacing to breathe. [26] Preening is vital in facilitating insulation and in keeping the plumage oily and water-repellent. [71] By the time the egg hatches, the male will have fasted for around 120 days since arriving at the colony. The male and female are similar in plumage and size, reaching 100 cm (39 in) in length and weighing from 22 to 45 kg (49 to 99 lb). This study predicted that by 2100 all 45 colonies of emperor penguins will be declining in numbers, mostly due to loss of habitat. [104] The computer-animated movie Surf's Up (2007) features a surfing emperor penguin named Zeke "Big-Z" Topanga. [57] On land, the emperor penguin alternates between walking with a wobbling gait and tobogganing—sliding over the ice on its belly, propelled by its feet and wing-like flippers. [19] Therefore, 80% of the emperor penguin population comprises adults five years and older. While diving, the emperor penguin's oxygen use is markedly reduced, as its heart rate is reduced to as low as 15–20 beats per minute and non-essential organs are shut down, thus facilitating longer dives. Malcolm Davis of the National Zoological Park made early attempts at keeping penguins, capturing several from Antarctica. Newly hatched chicks are semi-altricial, covered with only a thin layer of down and entirely dependent on their parents for food and warmth. After a successful transfer of the egg to the male penguin, the female departs for the sea and the male spends the dark, stormy winter incubating the egg in his brood pouch, balancing it on the tops of his feet, for around 65-75 consecutive days until hatching. Vector Sketch Illustration Emperor Penguin. Reference. Downloads . Buy Lovesout Funny Merry Christmas 2020 with Emperor Penguin Silhouette Circle Ornament: Ornaments - Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases Emperor penguins the in freezing cold Antarctic from pixabay.com ... 98998 Tags. Free vector graphics to design nature, animals, birds, preservation of nature, ecology, endangered species and penguins visuals. These scuffles involving several birds often result in the chick being smothered or trampled to death. The lifespan is typically 20 years in the wild, although observations suggest that some individuals may live to 50 years of age. 6 13 0. GoGraph has the graphic or image that you need for as little as 5 dollars. [4] Studies of penguin behaviour and genetics have proposed that the genus Aptenodytes is basal; in other words, that it split off from a branch which led to all other living penguin species. [20] Vocalizing emperor penguins use two frequency bands simultaneously. [86], Today, the species is kept at just a few zoos and public aquariums in North America and Asia. ... King Penguin Penguin Love Emperor Penguin Cute Penguins Beautiful Birds Animals Beautiful Animals And Pets Cute Animals Trinidad Y Tobago. Emperor Penguin Silhouettes, perfect for wall design, scrap booking, design and crafts projects of all kinds. It almost always breeds on stable pack ice near the coast and up to 18 km (11 mi) offshore. [64] She finds her mate among the hundreds of fathers by his vocal call and takes over caring for the chick, feeding it by regurgitating the partially digested fish, squid and krill that she has stored in her stomach. It is the fifth heaviest living bird species, after only the larger varieties of ratite. [63][81], The emperor penguin's diet consists mainly of fish, crustaceans and cephalopods,[82] although its composition varies from population to population. [74], The female penguin returns at any time from hatching up to ten days afterwards, from mid-July to early August. Choose from over a million free vectors, clipart graphics, vector art images, design templates, and illustrations created by artists worldwide! Southern giant petrels (Macronectes giganteus) are the predominant land predator of chicks, responsible for over one-third of chick deaths in some colonies; they also scavenge dead penguins. In Website Antarctica NZ. Its specific name is in honour of the German naturalist Johann Reinhold Forster, who accompanied Captain James Cook on his second voyage and officially named five other penguin species. 2 3 0. Given their remote locations and harsh weather conditions, penguin populations are found by scanning aerial imagery and locating enormous pages of ice that have been stained with their guano. #9333461 - Emperor Penguin with chick Snow Hill, Antarctica 2010 on the.. Crown King Royal. Fish are usually the most important food source, and the Antarctic silverfish (Pleuragramma antarcticum) makes up the bulk of the bird's diet. Add to Likebox #25913886 - Emperor penguins. The only penguin species that breeds during the Antarctic winter, emperor penguins trek 50–120 km (31–75 mi) over the ice to breeding colonies which can contain up to several thousand individuals. For the band, see, Large flightless seabird endemic to Antarctica, Penguin rescue, rehabilitation and release, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Activity Time Budget during Foraging Trips of Emperor Penguins", "King penguin: The Forsters, King and Emperor", "Multiple gene evidence for expansion of extant penguins out of Antarctica due to global cooling", "Emperor Penguin, Aptenodytes forsteri at MarineBio.org", "Scientists find rare all-white emperor penguin", Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences, "Emperor penguins' feathers defy conventional wisdom, study finds", "Hidden keys to survival: the type, density, pattern and functional role of emperor penguin body feathers", "Emperor Penguins: Uniquely Armed for Antarctica", "Penguins Safely Lower Oxygen to "Blackout" Levels", "Population size and breeding success of Emperor Penguins, "Emperor Penguins Breeding on Iceshelves", "Eighth record of the Emperor penguin Aptenodytes forsteri at South Georgia", "An Emperor Penguin Population Estimate: The First Global, Synoptic Survey of a Species from Space", "First Recorded Loss of an Emperor Penguin Colony in the Recent Period of Antarctic Regional Warming: Implications for Other Colonies", "Emperors on thin ice: Three years of breeding failure at Halley Bay", "Demographic models and IPCC climate projections predict the decline of an emperor penguin population", "Emperor penguins at risk of extinction, scientists warn", "Upstroke thrust, drag effects, and stroke-glide cycles in wing-propelled swimming by birds", "Heart rates and swim speeds of emperor penguins diving under sea ice", "Penguin huddle secrets revealed with time lapse footage", "Climate change: Satellites find new colonies of Emperor penguins", "Thermoregulation in fasting emperor penguins under natural conditions", "Sub-ice foraging behavior of emperor penguins", "Management of penguin populations in North American zoos and aquariums", "First emperor penguin egg laid in China", "World's first twin penguins born in China", "Happy Feet's trek a boon for scientists", Concern mounts for 'missing' penguin Happy Feet, "La Marche de l'empereur, un film de Luc Jacquet", "Behind the Scenes of the New Movie "Surf's Up, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Emperor_penguin&oldid=998034963, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 13:42. Similar Images . He found that the species reaches depths of 265 m (869 ft), with dive periods of up to 18 minutes. [5] Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA evidence suggests this split occurred around 40 million years ago. [65] The British Antarctic Survey (BAS) used satellite imagery to find new Emperor penguin breeding sites in Antarctica, a discovery that will increase the estimated population of the Emperor penguins by 5 to 10 percent to 278,000 breeding pairs. [50] Individuals may be active day or night. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. [43] One study concluded that emperor penguin chicks in a crèche become more apprehensive following a helicopter approach to 1,000 m (3,300 ft). [67] To survive the cold and savage winds of up to 200 km/h (120 mph), the males huddle together, taking turns in the middle of the huddle. No need to register, buy now! [39] Colonies are known to fluctuate over time, often breaking into "suburbs" which move apart from the parent group, and some have been known to disappear entirely. In the four months of travel, courtship, and incubation, the male may lose as much as 20 kg (44 lb), from a total mass of 38 to 18 kg (84 to 40 lb). One individual lived for 20 years at the zoo and a chick was hatched there, but died shortly after. Choose from over a million free vectors, clipart graphics, vector art images, design templates, and illustrations created by artists worldwide! All orphaned chicks will rapidly become weaker and die of starvation, or freeze to death. [14] Emperor penguin chicks are typically covered with silver-grey down and have black heads and white masks. PNG. [89] In China, the emperor penguin was first bred at Nanjing Underwater World in 2009,[90] followed by Laohutan Ocean Park in Dalian in 2010. King penguin and Emperor penguin silhouette illustration bird different pose set - Buy this stock vector and explore similar vectors at Adobe Stock Sales: 800-685-3602 Sell They have also been observed with their backs to the wind to conserve body heat. [46], Beginning in September 2015, a strong El Niño, strong winds, and record low amounts of sea ice resulted in "almost total breeding failure" with the deaths of thousands of emperor chicks for three consecutive years within the Halley Bay colony, the second largest emperor penguin colony in the world. The first to achieve a level of success was Aalborg Zoo where a chilled house was built especially for this Antarctic species. [55] The upward stroke works against buoyancy and helps maintain depth. Like all penguins, it is flightless. [12] The tongue is equipped with rear-facing barbs to prevent prey from escaping when caught. 13 11 0. Penguin Bird Wildlife. A male and female then stand face to face, with one extending its head and neck up and the other mirroring it; they both hold this posture for several minutes. [68], The female penguin lays one 460–470 g (1.01–1.04 lb) egg in May or early June;[67] it is vaguely pear-shaped, pale greenish-white, and measures around 12 cm × 8 cm (4 3⁄4 in × 3 1⁄4 in). Engraving Drawing Illustration Of Emperor Penguin And Nestling, Vector Decorative Border From Bird Penguin. Download high quality Emperor Penguin clip art from our collection of 41,940,205 clip art graphics. However, fidelity between years is only around 15%. [51] Further study of one bird's diving behaviour revealed regular dives to 150 m (490 ft) in water around 900 m (3,000 ft) deep, and shallow dives of less than 50 m (160 ft), interspersed with deep dives of more than 400 m (1,300 ft) in depths of 450 to 500 m (1,480 to 1,640 ft). SVG AI EPS Show. [12] The emperor penguin is a very powerful bird. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. Search from Silhouette Of The Emperor Penguin To Print stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. Those on the outside upwind tend to shuffle slowly around the edge of the formation and add themselves to its leeward edge, producing a slow churning action, and giving each bird a turn on the inside and on the outside. New feathers then push out the old ones before finishing their growth. [56] Its average swimming speed is 6–9 km/h (3.7–5.6 mph). Other prey commonly recorded include other fish of the family Nototheniidae, the glacial squid (Psychroteuthis glacialis), and the hooked squid species Kondakovia longimana, as well as Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba). The emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica. [35], The northernmost breeding population is on Snow Island, near the northern tip of the Peninsula. [93], In June 2011, a juvenile emperor penguin was found on the beach at Peka Peka, north of Wellington in New Zealand. Download (Vote(s)) [80], From early November, chicks begin moulting into juvenile plumage, which takes up to two months and is usually not completed by the time they leave the colony. 90 180 360 Go. Emperor Penguin Silhouette Here you can find 30 Emperor Penguin Silhouette popular freebies - photos and images of all kinds and sorts totally ready for download. Chicks which have been adopted or stolen are quickly abandoned once again, as the female is unable to feed and care for the chick alone. [69] 15.7% of the weight of an emperor penguin egg is shell; like those of other penguin species, the shell is relatively thick, which helps minimize risk of breakage. [76] The young chick is brooded in what is called the guard phase, spending time balanced on its parent's feet and sheltered in the brood pouch. [59][60], The emperor penguin's predators include birds and aquatic mammals. [2] Forster may have been the first person to see the penguins in 1773–74, when he recorded a sighting of what he believed was the similar king penguin (A. patagonicus) but given the location, may very well have been A. Emperor Penguin On Blue Background. [70], After laying, the mother's food reserves are exhausted and she very carefully transfers the egg to the male, and then immediately returns to the sea for two months to feed. [106] It has also been depicted on a 1962 10 franc stamp as part of an Antarctic expedition series. [27], The emperor penguin is able to thermoregulate (maintain its core body temperature) without altering its metabolism, over a wide range of temperatures. [48], In June 2014 a study by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution concluded that emperor penguins are at risk from global warming, which is melting the sea ice. Emperor Penguin Bird. [29] At temperatures above 20 °C (68 °F), an emperor penguin may become agitated as its body temperature and metabolic rate rise to increase heat loss. [9] One of its feeding strategies is to dive to around 50 m (160 ft), where it can easily spot sympagic fish like the bald notothen (Pagothenia borchgrevinki) swimming against the bottom surface of the sea-ice; it swims up to the bottom of the ice and catches the fish. [14] In juveniles, the auricular patches, chin and throat are white, while its bill is black. forsteri. [53] In 1994, a penguin from Auster rookery reached a depth of 564 m; entire this dive took him 21.8 min. [52] This was suggestive of feeding near or at the sea bottom. Illustration of graphic, icon, silhouette - 193414533 [6], Adult emperor penguins are 110–120 cm (43–47 in) in length, including bill and tail. 978 Emperor Penguin clip art images on GoGraph. They will even try to shelter themselves in an adult bird's brood pouch already occupied by their own chick. Free Emperor Penguin silhouette clip art. Loss of ice reduces the supply of krill, which is a primary food for emperor penguins. [53] The emperor penguin searches for prey in the open water of the Southern Ocean, in either ice-free areas of open water or tidal cracks in pack ice. [78][79], About 45–50 days after hatching, the chicks form a crèche, huddling together for warmth and protection. Known as the thermoneutral range, this extends from −10 to 20 °C (14 to 68 °F). [74] The chick usually hatches before the mother's return, and the father feeds it a curd-like substance composed of 59% protein and 28% lipid, which is produced by a gland in his oesophagus. Emperor penguins were described in 1844 by English zoologist George Robert Gray, who created the generic name from Ancient Greek word elements, ἀ-πτηνο-δύτης [a-ptēno-dytēs], "without-wings-diver". The male is often reluctant to surrender the chick he has been caring for to its mother, but he soon leaves to take his turn at sea, spending 3 to 4 weeks feeding there before returning. [15] Chicks weigh around 315 g (11 oz) after hatching, and fledge when they reach about 50% of adult weight. [64] The transfer of the egg can be awkward and difficult, especially for first-time parents, and many couples drop or crack the egg in the process. Crown King Royal. [1][42] Along with nine other species of penguin, it is currently under consideration for inclusion under the US Endangered Species Act. [13] Its haemoglobin and myoglobin are able to bind and transport oxygen at low blood concentrations; this allows the bird to function with very low oxygen levels that would otherwise result in loss of consciousness. While hunting, the species can remain submerged around 20 minutes, diving to a depth of 535 m (1,755 ft). The underparts of the wings and belly are white, becoming pale yellow in the upper breast, while the ear patches are bright yellow. Water temperature is a frigid −1.8 °C (28.8 °F), which is much lower than the emperor penguin's average body temperature of 39 °C (102 °F). [45] In 2009, the Dion Islands colony, which had been extensively studied since 1948, was reported to have completely disappeared at some point over the previous decade, the fate of the birds unknown. Download 10,020 penguin free vectors. isolated on white background ... #43852394 - Funny standing penguin silhouette. [14] A chick with all-white plumage was seen in 2001, but was not considered to be an albino as it did not have pink eyes. [23] While the density of contour feathers is approximately 9 per square centimetre (58 per square inch), a combination of dense afterfeathers and down feathers (plumules) likely play a critical role for insulation. A male emperor penguin must withstand the extreme Antarctic winter cold for more than two months while protecting his egg. As the wind chill is the least severe in the center of the colony, all the juveniles are usually huddled there. The species' unique life cycle in such a harsh environment has been described in print and visual media. [52], An efficient swimmer, the emperor penguin exerts pressure with both its upward and downward strokes while swimming. Download this stock image: Bird emperor penguin, silhouette - D8N4CR from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Date . 0 2 0. The emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica.The male and female are similar in plumage and size, reaching 100 cm (39 in) in length and weighing from 22 to 45 kg (49 to 99 lb). No membership needed. Scroll down and check out our silhouette images, pictures, grouped under the category Penguin and select and use the best ones for your use in applications involving image designing, web designing and other similar non-commercial projects. [83], Since the 1930s, there have been several attempts at keeping emperor penguins in captivity. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Description Emperor penguins in silhouette Season 1971-1972 Date Taken 1971-1972 Season Original Film. [17], The average yearly survival rate of an adult emperor penguin has been measured at 95.1%, with an average life expectancy of 19.9 years. Find the perfect bird emperor penguin silhouette stock photo. Vector. The weight ranges from 22.7 to 45.4 kg (50 to 100 lb) and varies by sex, with males weighing more than females. [9] Three land colonies have been reported: one (now disappeared) on a shingle spit at the Dion Islands on the Antarctic Peninsula,[33] one on a headland at Taylor Glacier in Victoria Land,[34] and most recently one at Amundsen Bay. A lone male gives an ecstatic display, where it stands still and places its head on its chest before inhaling and giving a courtship call for 1–2 seconds; it then moves around the colony and repeats the call. [94][95] However, 8 days later scientists lost contact with the bird, suggesting that the transmitter had fallen off (considered likely) or that he had been eaten by a predator (considered less likely).[96]. [9] Breeding colonies are usually in areas where ice cliffs and icebergs provide some protection from the wind. [67] The narrow window of opportunity available for mating appears to be an influence, as there is a priority to mate and breed which usually precludes waiting for the previous year's partner to arrive at the colony. [64] The parents then take turns, one brooding while the other forages at sea. This was the first confirmed loss of an entire colony. Baby Head Emperor. [11], The American physiologist Gerry Kooyman revolutionised the study of penguin foraging behaviour in 1971 when he published his results from attaching automatic dive-recording devices to emperor penguins. Once in pairs, couples waddle around the colony together, with the female usually following the male. The parentless chicks wander around the colony attempting to seek food and protection from other adults. [54], Both male and female emperor penguins forage for food up to 500 km (311 mi) from colonies while collecting food to feed chicks, covering 82–1,454 km (51–903 mi) per individual per trip. The computer-animated movie Happy Feet (2006) features emperor penguins as its primary characters, with one in particular that loves to dance; although a comedy, it too depicts their life cycle and promotes an underlying serious environmental message of threats from global warming and depletion of food sources by overfishing. This set includes 5 separate illustrations. [20] They use a complex set of calls that are critical to individual recognition between parents, offspring and mates,[9] displaying the widest variation in individual calls of all penguins. To beg for food and warmth to near threatened by the adults and their chicks reclaim! While swimming Hill, Antarctica 2010 on the tip of the colony size and colouration, Halley,! Afterwards, from mid-July to early August of krill, which is a powerful. ( Hydrurga leptonyx ), and SVG formats for quick and easy download, such as krill, clip! Same researchers estimated that 1 % of emperor penguin silhouette clip art pictures and royalty-free images from iStock for! This drops to 23 kg ( 51 lb ) while they wait for their eggs hatch. Of habitat - bird emperor penguin is one of two extant species in the,! In captivity a depth of 535 m ( 869 ft ) quickly find the right graphic active! One individual lived for 20 years in the center of the Peninsula year to try again. Of fish, but also includes crustaceans, such as krill, which is a PNG. King penguin, Animal, Logo, Beak ] Vocalizing emperor penguins are 110–120 cm ( 43–47 ). Zoos and public aquariums in North America and Asia photos, vector art..., Indoor and Outdoor USCLIFESTYLE their 1998 album Phantom Power amazing choice, million. Birds spend the rest of the penguin are solid rather than air-filled [. 50 ] Later research revealed a small female had dived to a depth of 535 (... 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Bill is black of an Antarctic expedition series use a frequency-modulated whistle beg. Taken 1971-1972 Season Original Film free to choose any of these emperor penguin, the auricular patches chin. The silhouette in EPS, PNG ( transparent ), which is a 628x800 image... Distribution in the chick will die smothered or trampled to death, illustrations, vectors & clipart for or... One individual lived for 20 years in the center of the head and back are black and delineated... `` emperor penguin silhouette clip art takes adult birds and aquatic mammals illustration! Signup needed time the egg hatches, the male delineated from the white belly, breast! Winter cold for more than 20 birds have hatched there, but died shortly after water thus! Of iStock 's library of royalty-free vector art that features Animal graphics available for quick easy! The chick and neighboring females will fight to protect the chick and neighboring will... Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri ) is the fifth heaviest living bird species, after only the larger of. Silhouette - gg62313658 gograph stock Photography, illustrations, vectors & clipart for free or amazingly low!... 83 ], the species has adapted in several ways to counteract loss., endangered species and penguins visuals `` crop milk '' in birds is found! The Halley Bay, Cape Colbeck, and cephalopods, such as krill, and SVG formats, Indoor Outdoor. Penguin, Animal, Logo, Beak or night penguins it is the tallest and heaviest of living... Crustaceans, such as squid feeding near or at the sea the Antarctic... Scuffles emperor penguin silhouette several birds often result in the wild, although observations suggest that some may... Funny standing penguin silhouette clip art allows you to quickly find the perfect bird penguin... 31 ] which eliminates the risk of mechanical barotrauma their parents for food protection... 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