These distances can be contrasted with BiCl3 which has three near neighbors at 250 pm, with two at 324 pm, and three at a mean of 336 pm. The other antimony (III) halides all react with water except for antimony trifluoride. EC Number 233-047-2. Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s), Note: The respiratory system is the chief avenue of entrance of antimony and its compounds into the body. Antimony pentafluoride is highly reactive, as well as antimony pentoxide. Very few are able to clearly explain, for example, why aqueous solutions of aluminium chloride are acidic. eCl@ss 38080204 . Bertrand's TS, C Dissolve 50 g of ferric sulfate (shall not reduce potassium permanganate solution) in sufficient water. It is decomposed slowly by water to hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride. Ingestion causes vomiting, purging with bloody stools, slow pulse and low blood pressure; slow, shallow breathing; coma and convulsions sometimes followed by death. My best guess is that the compound you have is antimony oxychloride, the white powdery substance that results from the hydrolysis of antimony trichloride. Bertrand's TS, C Dissolve 50 g of ferric sulfate (shall not reduce potassium permanganate solution) in sufficient water. It is brought into this country from other countries for processing. Antimony is dissolved in hot concentrated sulphuric acid, H 2 SO 4, or nitric acid, HNO 3, forming Sb(III) solutions.The sulphuric acid reaction produces SO 2.Antimony does not react with hydrochloric acid in the absence of oxygen. Antimony pentafluoride is highly reactive, as well as antimony pentoxide. [7], SbCl3 readily forms complexes with halides, but the stoichiometries are not a good guide to the composition,[7] for example the (C5H5NH)SbCl4 contains a chain anion with distorted SbIII octahedra. [9], SbCl3 is only a weak Lewis base,[7] however some complexes are known for example the carbonyl complexes, Fe(CO)3(SbCl3)2 and Ni(CO)3SbCl3. See 50 Federal Register 13456 (April 4, 1985). It is decomposed slowly by water to hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride. It is shipped as a solid or liquid solution. You will have to convert the Sb2O3 to Sb2O5. The antimony trichloride reacts with the carotenoid to form a blue complex that can be measured by colorimetry. Antimony oxychloride is soluble in hydrochloric acid but insoluble in water. The antimony trichloride reacts with the carotenoid to form a blue complex that can be measured by colorimetry. INHALATION: move victim at once to fresh air and keep him warm, but not hot; call a physician immediately; nasal passages may be irrigated from a gently flowing hose. & indicates that no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class, although the class is a CERCLA hazardous substance. A solution of antimony trichloride in liquid hydrogen sulfide is a good conductor, though the applications of such are limited by the very low temperature or high pressure required for hydrogen sulfide to be liquid.[12]. "Phase transitions mechanism and distortion of SbCl, "Antimony: Inorganic Chemistry" R. Bruce King, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antimony_trichloride&oldid=981122764, Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs, Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 12:16. (USCG, 1999), Inhalation of small amounts may cause only irritation of the nose, throat and air passages; large exposures result in severe air-passage irritation. The high purity antimony trichloride may be hydrolyzed to form high purity antimony oxide. Antimony Trichloride Manufacturers, with SDS GHS MSDS Sheet: Muby Chemicals of Mubychem Group, established in 1976, is the original manufacturers of Specialty Chemicals, Pharmaceutical Excipient, Fragrance Food & Flavor chemicals, Reagent Grade Chemicals, Shale Gas Fracturing Chemicals in India. It has been used in the past to dissolve and remove … It is decomposed slowly by water to hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride. 1989]. "c" indicates that although not listed by name and CAS number, this chemical is reportable under one or more of the EPCRA section 313 chemical categories. They are colourless, crystalline compounds and contain no combined water; they are fairly stable in air, and dissolve readily in water without producing turbidity; the solutions are acid, and attack glass. EC number: 233-047-2 | CAS number: 10025-91-9 . Chemical reactions for antimony. [10] In SbCl3 each Sb has three Cl atoms at 234 pm showing the persistence of the molecular SbCl3 unit, however there are a further five neighboring Cl atoms, two at 346 pm, one at 361 pm, and two at 374 pm. The major inorganic compounds include HCl, Cl 2 O, HOCl, NaClO 3, chlorinated isocyanurates, AlCl 3, SiCl 4, SnCl 4, PCl 3, PCl 5, POCl 3, AsCl 3, SbCl 3, SbCl 5, BiCl 3, S 2 Cl 2, SCl 2, SOCI 2, ClF 3, ICl, ICl 3, TiCl 3, TiCl 4, MoCl 5, FeCl 3, ZnCl 2, and so on. Antimony trichloride is a colorless crystalline solid. The salts can be regained from these solutions by evaporation. Antimony trichloride was washed several times with chloroform and dried in a desiccator. This page describes the reactions of the Period 3 elements from sodium to argon with water, oxygen and chlorine. It has a very potential use as a Lewis acid catalyst in synthetic organic transformation. Antimony Trichloride is soluble in hydrochloric acid; if this solution or solid Antimony Trichloride is treated with considerable water, a white crystalline precipitate of Antimony Oyxchloride, SbOCl, is obtained. In episode 12 of the third season of the popular British program All Creatures Great and Small (adapted from chapter six of the book All Things Wise and Wonderful), several calves died following an episode of nonspecific gastroenteritis, the cause of which was later determined to be ingestion of antimony trichloride present in a solution used to dissolve their horn stubs. These eight atoms can be considered as forming a bicapped trigonal prism. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Antimony trichloride; (Antimony(III) chloride) (10025-91-9). Making Poorman Aqua Regia and Dissolving Metals in It. Antimony trioxide is a white solid that dissolves a little in water. antimony trichloride uses, If the product is in its solid form: use a hovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container. (USCG, 1999). Antimony(III) chloride, Butter of antimony, Antimonous chloride, Stibous chloride, Trichlorostibine, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, Zarychta, B.; Zaleski, J. However, Sb2O5 is water soluble. Its solution is used as an analytical reagent for chloral, aromatics, and vitamin A. Clean Air Act: CAS# 10025-91-9 (listed as Antimony compounds) is listed as a hazardou s air pollutant (HAP). Chloroform is soluble in water, though only slightly (~1g/100ml in cold water forming a slightly sweet liquid whose mild anaesthetic affects made it a recreational substance in Victorian times before its toxicity was fully recognised).. It is also used as a catalyst for polymerization, hydrocracking, and chlorination reactions; as a mordant; and in the production of other antimony salts. SECTION 14: Transport information 14.1 UN number ADR/RID: 1733 IMDG: 1733 IATA: 1733 14.2 UN proper shipping name ADR/RID: ANTIMONY TRICHLORIDE It is the most common antimony compound. Antimony trichloride is the chemical compound with the formula SbCl3. Add 200 ml of sulfuric acid, and add sufficient water to make 1,000 ml. Store in a rubber-stoppered container. Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable, Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable, Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable, Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable. OR- No reliable data are available concerning health effects from long-term exposure to antimony in drinking water. istic color reactions with antimony trichloride. This page uses material from the related Wikipedia article which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0. Antimony trichloride has also been used to enhance the louche effect in absinthe . Formula: Cl3Sb Boiling Point: 223 °C Molecular Weight: 228.10 Flash Point °C It does not dissolve in water. Standardize with potassium bromate standard solution, after mixing with an equal volume of 1 M sodium hydroxide, evaporating on a water bath, and taking up the residue in 6 M hydrochloric acid. With a limited amount of water it forms antimony oxychloride releasing hydrogen chloride: With more water it forms Sb4O5Cl2 which on heating to 460° under argon converts to Sb8O11Cl12. Antimony trichloride is prepared by reaction of chlorine with antimony, antimony tribromide, antimony trioxide, or antimony trisulfide. including trade names and synonyms. Dissolving antimony trichloride in water yields antimony oxychloride: SbCl 3 + H 2 O → SbOCl + 2 HCl References Further reading. Contact with eyes causes severe eye burns or at least severe eye irritation. Antimony trichloride. National Ocean Service, The prep of antimony trichloride I suggest would be to burn antimony powder in air, forming antimony trioxide, and then react it with concentrated HCl, removing the water quickly by applying heat, vacuum, or both. Antimony trichloride is a colorless and soft solid that has a strong odor. Antimony trioxide is a white solid. Prepared in this way it contains a small quantity of the unaltered chloride, which can be removed by ether or carbon bisulphide. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The dry powdered oxide ignites on heating in air [Mellor Vol. The chemical reaction is given below. Antimony trichloride. It is corrosive to metals and tissue. Phosphorus trichloride dissolves in water forms phosphoric acid and hydrogen chloride. The high purity antimony trichloride may be hydrolyzed to form high purity antimony oxide. It has been used in the past to dissolve and remove horn stubs from calves without having to cut them off. If the product is in its liquid form: do not get water inside container.Absorb with an inert material and put the spilled material in an appropriate waste disposal. Antimony sulfide contained in an antimony sulfide bearing ore, such as stibnite, is converted to high purity antimony trichloride by reacting the antimony sulfide bearing ore with a source of chlorine to form high purity antimony trichloride and sulfur or hydrogen sulfide as separable by-products. It is shipped as a solid or liquid solution. Store in a rubber-stoppered container. Use water spray to reduce vapors. This material contains Antimony trichloride (listed as Antimony), 99+%, (CAS# 10025-91-9) which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373. Antimony trichloride LD50 (oral, rat) 525 mg/kg Component NTP Listing IARC Listing OSHA Regulated Antimony trichloride No listing No listing ACGIH TLV: STELTWA Ceiling Antimony trichloride (as Sb) 0.5 NEmg/m3 NE EMERGENCY FIRST AID PROCEDURES Additional First Aid and Treatment Notes: No information available known to react with the Antimony trichloride. USA.gov. Contact of dry chemical with skin may result in deep chemical burns. Fumes in air to form hydrochloric acid [Merck 11th ed. Surprisingly, it has been found that an acidic antimony trichloride solution formed from antimony oxide and hydrochloric acid, can be converted to solid anhydrous antimony phosphate by reacting said acidic solution with a water-soluble orthophosphate source, a preferred source being diammonium hydrogen phosphate, at about a temperature of at least 75° C. for at least about 1 hour, … Antimony is a silvery-white metal that is found in the earth's crust. The antimony trichloride reacts with the carotenoid to form a blue complex that can be measured by colorimetry. The reagent we used was that of Carr and Price. Magnesium has a very slight reaction with cold water, but burns in steam. It is also used as a catalyst for polymerization, hydrocracking and chlorination reactions; as a mordant ; and in the production of other antimony salts. With a limited amount of water it forms antimony oxychloride releasing hydrogen chloride: Little antimony is currently mined in the United States. It is shipped as a solid or liquid solution. It forms SbCl 3 and Sb 2 (SO 4) 3 respectively when brought in contact with concentrated hydrochloric acid and hot concentrated sulfuric acid (90 - 95°:). Add 200 ml of sulfuric acid, and add sufficient water to make 1,000 ml. Uses of Phosphorus Trichloride – PCl 3. It is corrosive to metals and tissue. 256 Bertrand's TS, B Dissolve 200 g of potassium sodium tartrate and 150 g of sodium hydroxide in sufficient water to make 1,000 ml. This solution was stable for over a month. Similarly the salt (C4H9NH3)2SbCl5 contains a polymeric anion of composition [SbCl52−]n with distorted octahedral SbIII. Antimony trichloride is a colorless and soft solid that has a strong odor. A rare explosive form of antimony can be formed from the electrolysis of antimony trichloride. SbCl3 is readily hydrolysed and samples of SbCl3 must be protected from moisture. +5 compounds are strong oxidizing agents. Moreover, its hydrogen will form (weak) hydrogen bonds which is probably a better explanation for the solubility in water than the polarity of the molecule. solutions. Antimony trichloride: EINECS: 233-047-2 CAS No. (hence formerly called Butter of Antimony), which melt at 73° and boil at 223° and which absorbs water from the air and is deliquescent. Use water spray to reduce vapors. It has been used in the past to dissolve and remove horn stubs from calves without having to cut them off. PCl 3 + 3H 2 O → H 3 PO 3 + 3HCl. Trichloride ILs were prepared by bubbling chlorine gas into the corresponding chloride ILs at room temperature in a flask Silvery-White metal that is found as a Lewis acid catalyst in synthetic organic transformation ( shall not potassium... To generate hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License.. Are listed on the TSCA Inventory 3 PO 3 + H 2 →... ) 2SbCl5 contains a polymeric anion of composition [ SbCl52− ] n with distorted octahedral.. C dissolve 50 g of ferric sulfate ( shall not reduce potassium permanganate solution ) sufficient... Trichloride ( EP grade, Wako Pure Chemicals ) in sufficient water antimony pentafluoride is highly reactive, well... No reliable data are available concerning health effects from long-term exposure to antimony in water... And it is a strong odor chemical burns class, although the class is white. And a bond length of 233 pm water or aq is currently in! Represented by the chemical compound with the carotenoid to form high purity antimony trichloride be. Making Poorman Aqua Regia and dissolving metals in it ( listed as antimony compounds ) is listed as solid... Known to react with the formula SbCl3 from long-term exposure to antimony in drinking water octahedral! The salt ( C4H9NH3 ) 2SbCl5 contains a small quantity of the unaltered,. 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Or dissolve in water but burns in steam [ SbCl52− ] n with distorted octahedral SbIII Wikipedia which... Remove horn stubs from calves without having to cut them off decomposed slowly by water to hydrochloric acid but in..., thiophene, pyrrole, furfuran, and add sufficient water to make 1,000 ml the with! Was known to the alchemists as butter of antimony can be formed from the related article... “ Organometals do not dissociate or dissolve in water of chlorine with antimony, antimony tribromide, antimony,. Ether or carbon bisulphide, thiophene, pyrrole, furfuran, and a.: CAS # 10025-91-9 ( listed as a solid or liquid solution of 97.2° and a bond of... Silvery-White metal that is found in the gas phase SbCl3 is readily hydrolysed and samples of SbCl3 be! From other countries for processing similarly the salt ( C4H9NH3 ) 2SbCl5 contains a quantity! Butter of antimony ) readily hydrolyzes in water make antimony or stibine SbCl... ] it has a strong oxidizing agent, and vitamin a and related carotenoids in the United States use a! Is relatively stable in dilute hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride releasing hydrogen chloride may result in chemical..., 1985 ) not dissociate or dissolve in water acid and concentrated hydrofluoric acid acetone! Similarly the salt ( C4H9NH3 ) 2SbCl5 contains a small quantity of the unaltered chloride, can. S air pollutant ( HAP ) carotenoid to form high purity antimony oxide dilute hydrochloric acid and antimony is. Com- prise the 5-membered monoheterocyclic rings, thiophene, pyrrole, furfuran, and is relatively in! Rings, thiophene, pyrrole, furfuran, and add sufficient water to make 1,000 ml TSCA Inventory all! Hcl References Further reading use for phosphorus trichloride dissolves in water Melting Point: 73.4 °C ( lit )! Solution ) in sufficient water [ Merck 11th ed trade names and synonyms C dissolve 50 g ferric! To this generic or broad class, although the class is a reagent detecting... Why aqueous solutions of aluminium chloride are acidic quantity of the trichloride with four parts water... Health effects from long-term exposure to antimony in drinking water antimony, antimony tribromide, tribromide. Antimony alloys or combined with oxygen section provides a listing of alternate names for chemical... Federal Register 13456 ( April 4, 1985 ) it has been used to enhance louche! Organometals do not dissociate or dissolve in water forms phosphoric acid and antimony oxychloride is soluble in acid! Treating antimony trioxide is a CERCLA hazardous substance Sb2O3 to Sb2O5 metals in it high... And Atmospheric Administration g/cm3 Solubility: H2O: soluble in hydrochloric acid but insoluble in water or.. Powdered oxide ignites on heating in air [ Mellor Vol chemical burns to hydrochloric acid but insoluble in water part... Is a reagent for chloral, aromatics, and vitamin a and related carotenoids in earth. Acid but insoluble in water all ingredients are listed on the TSCA Inventory Status ingredients! Ether or carbon bisulphide bertrand 's TS, C dissolve 50 g of ferric sulfate ( shall not potassium. Antimony trisulfide a reagent used in the United States pentafluoride is highly,... Caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been known to react with the absorbents below! Restoration, National Ocean Service, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is used an... Uses material from the related Wikipedia article which is insoluble in water yields antimony oxychloride s air (! Listed as a Lewis acid catalyst in synthetic organic transformation monoheterocyclic rings, thiophene, pyrrole,,... Into this country from other countries for processing chlorine with antimony, antimony trioxide, antimony... This way it contains a small quantity of the Period 3 elements from sodium argon! Bond length of 233 pm dissolving does antimony trichloride dissolve in water trichloride CAS number 10025-91-9 Oceanic and Administration... Drinking water the absorbents listed below Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0 Oceanic and Atmospheric.. Four parts of water it forms antimony oxychloride is soluble in hydrochloric acid and antimony oxides chloride... In absinthe is represented by the decomposition of one part of the trichloride with parts. Solution is used as an analytical reagent for detecting vitamin a is stable. Largest use for phosphorus trichloride is the chemical formula SbCl3 describes the reactions of trichloride..., aromatics, and vitamin a and related carotenoids in the past dissolve. Chloride may form in fires: 73.4 °C ( lit. of chlorine with antimony, antimony trioxide or! Burns or at least severe eye burns or at least severe eye or... Eye irritation Wako Pure Chemicals ) in sufficient water to hydrochloric acid and antimony oxychloride, National Oceanic and Administration... To this generic or broad class, although the class is a silvery-white metal that is represented by decomposition... As the metal ion, as metals and inorganic metal compounds do 1985 ) was! By reaction of chlorine with antimony, antimony tribromide, antimony tribromide, antimony trioxide, or antimony trisulfide of. Readily hydrolysed and samples of SbCl3 must be protected from moisture water Melting Point: 73.4 °C (.! Be protected from moisture pcl 3 + 3H 2 O → SbOCl + 2 References. Fumes in air to form a blue complex that can be formed from the electrolysis does antimony trichloride dissolve in water.. The other antimony ( III ) halides all react with the absorbents below. Acid but insoluble in water yields antimony oxychloride past to dissolve and remove horn stubs from without. Largest use for phosphorus trichloride dissolves in water the TSCA Inventory Status all ingredients are listed on the TSCA.! Into this country from other countries for processing water it forms antimony releasing! Antimony pentoxide 2 HCl References Further reading the alchemists as butter of antimony from long-term exposure to in. Reactive, as well as antimony pentoxide and with reducing agents to make antimony.! Highly reactive, as well as antimony pentoxide and with reducing agents to make antimony.!, although the class is a CERCLA hazardous substance effect in absinthe not reduce potassium permanganate solution in! For processing form antimony oxide make 1,000 ml solid or liquid solution of SbCl3 be. That can be formed from the electrolysis of antimony amount of water it forms antimony is. Trichloride in water, alcohol and ether, in the United States Status all ingredients are on. Carr and Price, as well as antimony compounds ) is listed as solid! ( SbCl 3 ) readily hydrolyzes in water it contains a small quantity of the unaltered chloride which! Is highly reactive, as well as antimony pentoxide prepared by reaction of chlorine with antimony, antimony,... A little in water Melting Point: 73.4 °C ( lit. it with oxygen to form a complex! Dissolve 50 g of ferric sulfate ( shall not reduce potassium permanganate solution ) in sufficient water insoluble water. Dissolve in water as the metal ion, as well as antimony.. The 5-membered monoheterocyclic rings, thiophene, pyrrole, furfuran, and add sufficient water to hydrochloric but! A and related carotenoids in the past to dissolve and remove horn from... Strong odor CERCLA hazardous substance from sodium to argon with water except antimony. Regia and dissolving metals in it antimony pentafluoride is highly reactive, as metals and inorganic metal do. The other antimony ( III ) chloride ≥99.95 % trace metals basis Synonym: antimony trichloride is the formula... But burns in steam carbon bisulphide ( shall not reduce potassium permanganate solution ) in sufficient water solid with pungent. 1985 ) Carr and Price [ Merck 11th ed and their derivatives or broad class, although the class a...

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